Monday, October 24, 2016

Patent training sites

Conducting a Patentability Search https://www.lib.ncsu.edu/ptrc/search/patentability

Patent Searching Tutorial and Guide http://www.lib.utexas.edu/engin/patent-tutorial/index.html 

Leeds University Library Training Materials: Patent Searching for beginners https://web.archive.org/web/20070306035112/http://www.leeds.ac.uk/library/documents/workbook/patents/patentsworkbook.pdf 

Introduction to Searching DialogWeb for the Patent Researcher http://support.dialog.com/oc/dweb_pat/ 

Access the European Patent Classification https://web.archive.org/web/20050306142426/http://l2.espacenet.com/espacenet/eclasrch ClassPat offers a quick and efficient way to reach the classification symbols corresponding to your technical domains 

U.S. Patent Classification (USPC) Index http://www.uspto.gov/web/patents/classification/uspcindex/indextouspc.htm

Monday, October 17, 2016

Patents and standards readings

Readings: patents 

About Patents and Patent Searching http://www.patscan.ca/ 

Canadian Patent Searching https://web.archive.org/web/20050511142744/http://vrl.tpl.toronto.on.ca/helpfile/bu_c0012.html 
A brief guide to sources of information on Canadian patent searching compiled by Toronto Public Library. Last updated: July 23, 2003. 

Canadian Intellectual Property Office: A Guide to Patents http://www.cipo.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/cipointernet-internetopic.nsf/eng/h_wr03652.html 

Canadian Patents Database: Help: FAQ http://brevets-patents.ic.gc.ca/opic-cipo/cpd/eng/help/faq/help_faq_content.html

*Patents https://web.archive.org/web/20090623155530/http://www.patentable.com/practice_patents.htm
Information on patents from a firm of Canadian lawyers specializing in intellectual property. 

United States Patent Searching https://web.archive.org/web/20040915231608/http://vrl.tpl.toronto.on.ca/helpfile/bu_u0003.html

A brief guide to sources of information on United States patent searching compiled by Toronto Public Library. Last updated: July 22, 2003. Online sources for patents Canadian Intellectual Property Office http://www.cipo.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/cipointernet-internetopic.nsf/eng/home

Patents https://web.archive.org/web/20030626150910/http://www.umanitoba.ca/libraries/units/engineering/patents.html Links compiled by the D. W. Craik Engineering Library at the U of M. 

E-Reference for: Patents/Trade-marks http://ereference.uwaterloo.ca/display.cfm?categoryID=19&catHeading=Patents%20/%20Trade-marks
Provides links to databases for Canadian and U.S. patents and trade-marks, worldwide patents and patents in specialized areas. Compiled by University of Waterloo Library. 

Internet Resources for Patents https://web.archive.org/web/20100609202829/http://www2.lib.udel.edu/subj/patents/internet.htm
Subject guide from University of Delaware Library. 

Readings: standards
*Canadian Standards Association. Frequently Asked Questions. Why Standards Matter http://www.csagroup.org/ca/en/services/codes-and-standards?language=ENGLISH 

National Standards Development https://web.archive.org/web/20060118074518/http://www.scc.ca/en/programs/standards/ntlstandards.shtml

*Standards Council of Canada. Standards http://www.scc.ca/en/standards 

Standards Council of Canada. Frequently Asked Questions http://www.scc.ca/en/help/faqs Online sources for standards 

Standards https://web.archive.org/web/20030626152958/http://www.umanitoba.ca/libraries/units/engineering/standards.html
Links compiled by the D. W. Craik Engineering Library at the U of M. 

E-Reference for Standards/Codes http://ereference.uwaterloo.ca/display.cfm?categoryID=22&catHeading=Standards%20%20Codes 
Provides links to central standards agencies, specialized societies that also write standards, and other collections of links. Compiled by the University of Waterloo. 

Standards & Specifications Written By Scholarly Societies http://www.lib.uwaterloo.ca/society/standards.html 
Provides links to the homepages of scholarly and professional organizations and their standards and specifications, for when you already know which organization developed the standard being sought.

Standards
https://library.cf.ryerson.ca/guides/view/?guide=701 
Research guide from Ryerson University Library. 

Standards and Codes 
http://guides.library.utoronto.ca/standardsandcodes 
Guide from Engineering and Computer Science Library, University of Toronto

Monday, October 10, 2016

Patents and standards

U.S. Patent 4,608,967 to Ralph R. Piro: Pat On the Back Apparatus http://colitz.com/site/4608967/fig1.gif 

What is a patent?

  • Patents are governmental grants that give inventors exclusive rights to their inventions for up to 20 years in Canada
  • Only “inventions” are patentable
  • In Canada, patents are a form of “intellectual” property Types of intellectual property
  • Patents: cover new inventions (process, machine, manufacture, composition of matter), or any new and useful improvement of an existing invention
  • Trade-marks: are words, symbols or designs (or a combination of these), used to distinguish the wares or services of one person or organization from those of others in the marketplace
  • Copyrights: provide protection for artistic, dramatic, musical or literary works (including computer programs), and three other subject-matter known as performance, sound recording, and communication signal
  • Industrial design: are the visual features of shape, configuration, pattern or ornament (or any combination of these features), applied to a finished article of manufacture
  • Integrated circuit topographies: refer to the three-dimensional configuration of the electronics circuits embodied in integrated circuit products or layout designs 
  • Plant breeders’ rights: apply to certain new plant varieties


Intellectual property http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/cipointernet-internetopic.nsf/eng/h_wr03685.html

Patents 

  • Are country specific 
    • A Canadian patent protects an invention only in Canada 
  • Must meet 3 basic criteria 
    • New
    • Useful
    • Ingenious 
  • In Canada given to 1st inventor to file an application 
Why search patents? 

  • 80% of patent information never disclosed or published elsewhere
  • Patents contain specific technical detail, research data and drawings
  • Patents and patent application often published before academic papers on subject
  • To assess relevant market trends 
  • To know competitor patent portfolio 
  • To avoid infringement situations 
What is a standard?

  • A document that establishes accepted practices, technical requirements or terminology for a particular product, service, system, or field
  • In a broad sense, a standard is anything that tells you how to do, test or identify something. Standards Council of Canada. Frequently Asked Questions. http://www.scc.ca/en/faq-what-is-a-standard 
  • Standards are documented agreements containing technical specifications or other precise criteria to be used consistently as rules, guidelines, or definitions of characteristics, to ensure that material, products, processes and services are fit for their purpose. ISO http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards.htm 
  • A document, established by consensus and approved by a recognised body, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or definitions of characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context. The ISO/IEC Guide2:1996 
Who develops standards?

  • Committees of expert stakeholders which are usually organized and managed by an organization that specializes in the development of standards
  • Standards are formulated by Standards Developing Organizations (SDOs), usually a government agency, technical or trade association, professional society or association, international or regional organization or a private company 
Standards 

  • In principle most standards are voluntary 
  • In practice, the demands of the marketplace mean many standards are effectively mandatory 
  • Government legislation may make some standards mandatory, e.g. electrical codes
  • The Standards Council of Canada, a crown corporation, coordinates the Canadian standards system and represents Canada on the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 
Selected Canadian standards organizations 

  • Canadian Standards Association (CSA) 
  • Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB) 
  • Bureau de normalisation du Qu├ębec (BNQ) 
  • Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada (ULC)
International standards

  • International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 
    • A non-government organization established to promote the development of standardization and related activities in the world with a view to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services, and to developing cooperation in the sphere of intellectual, scientific, technological and economic activity 
    • Covers all technical fields except electrical and electronic engineering standards
    • ISO is not an acronym, it is a word derived from the Greek isos meaning equal
  • International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) http://www.iec.ch/
    • Prepares and publishes international standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies

Monday, October 3, 2016

Mechanical engineering

Hurt, C.D. Informational Sources in Science and Technology, 3rd ed. Englewood, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited, 1998. p. 219
Mechanical engineering is somewhat like electrical engineering. Both cover large areas and have histories of research and data gathering on a large scale. The data gathering appears in the literature as an impressive array of handbook materials. Mechanical engineering has close contacts with physics and other fields. It is no longer restricted to large-scale machinery, if it ever was. It now deals with systems from massive to micro. While this may make the provision of information for mechanical engineers more difficult, there is reasonably good control of the literature in the field.